Back at my journey across Russia by train we passed through numerous tunnels and over many bridges, and noticed one thing strange at each and every one.

High barbed cable fences preventing access beneath each bridge that is major.

And guard homes at every tunnel portal.

I stumbled upon a railfan that is russian, in which the cause for these protection measures ended up being raised.

VeschiiOleg published: as an example, the way of any severe connection is enclosed with an area of alienation with barbed cable, indications and armed guards.

Vlad wrote: We photograph the railway connection, for instance. The ВОХРовец is approaching us and politely is interested, but on which foundation are you currently using these photos?

VeschiiOleg composed: ВОХРовец, in accordance with the statute for the guard solution they don’t have legal rights to go out of the center, those due to the territory he must not keep. But to call the police – easily. And if regarding the fence, you will find inscriptions concerning the prohibition of filming, chances are they is likely to be appropriate.

What exactly will be the ВОХРовец? It’s an abbreviation for Военизированная охрана – also known as Ведомственная охрана, Russian-language Wikipedia defines them since:

Specialised state departmental armed devices accountable for protecting buildings, structures, cars, and cargo from illegal assaults. They’ve the ability to utilize army and solution firearms, along with solution dogs, handcuffs, plastic batons, and spike strips used to get rid of cars. Officials of state departmental security (established by federal state systems) have actually the right to set up protocols on administrative offences, execute individual queries, inspect products belonging to individuals, inspect automobiles and other procedural actions founded by the Code of Administrative Offences associated with Russian Federation.

The Russian Railways are protected by the «Ведомственная охрана железнодорожного транспорта Российской Федерации» (Departmental Security provider of Railway Transport of this Russian Federation) – who describe on their own as a result:

The Federal State Enterprise “Departmental Protection associated with Federal Agency for Railway Transport” carries down its tasks based on the Resolution of this federal federal Government for the Russian Federation of 27, 2009, No. 540 “On Approval of this legislation on Departmental Protection regarding the Federal Agency for Railway Transport. june”

The Federal State Enterprise “Departmental Protection of Railway Transport regarding the Russian Federation” for nearly 90 years has guaranteed the security for the cargo being transported, the security of items and also the fire security of railway transportation when you look at the interests associated with the continuing state, residents in addition to business “RZhD” all over the metal highways from Kaliningrad to Sakhalin.

Today the departmental protection associated with railway transportation has 68,000 workers, with more than 2400 things of railway infrastructure protected, including a lot more than 1900 most crucial ones.

Significantly more than 400 fire inspectors execute fire prevention at fixed facilities and stock that is rolling. In constant readiness for action are 307 fire trains, including 67 specialised, with an increase of capabilities that are tactical expel emergencies with dangerous products.

In addition they flaunt their work protecting major bridges.

Along with railway tunnels.

So just why are such substantial safety measures in position?

Some body on A russian railway forum asked the exact same concern, and received different explanations:

Kirill N.Kravchenko The proven fact that the railway bridges are incredibly greatly guarded is understandable, nobody doubts it is necessary. But I’ve constantly wondered: exactly why are car bridges not too zealously protected?

Victor Mikhailov In the event of a major accident in the train such as for example connection collapse, the effects is supposed to be a lot more significant in comparison to a road connection. Any automobile may have time and energy to stop seeing ahead regarding the barrier. In addition road bridges are much more many than train connection, so it will be impractical to protect all of the bridges (how to locate countless guards).

Novikov S.V. It really is easier for road cars to get a detour, or engineering troops can erect a pontoon bridge that is temporary. Blowing up a railway connection means paralysis that is complete of path through to the connection is totally restored.

Sura i realize we are dealing with “big” unique bridges. Standard railway bridge over the little river should be restored in a really brief area from pre-prepared sets. Really, that’s why they may not be protected.

But this article that is russian-language Евразия Вести suggests a more most likely explanation – Soviet-era paranoia.

After the October Revolution railway facilities of strategic value were beneath the protection of this army division; security of “external purchase, deanery and general general public protection” ended up being performed by areas of the railway guard while the authorities. Cargoes, home and means had been underneath the care of watchmen, have been in complete subordination to those whoever good they’d protected.

So that you can fortify the leadership, in March 1918 a unique decree ended up being used “On the centralisation of administration, the protection of railways plus the enhance of the efficiency”. By the decree of this federal government of July 17 of the identical year, underneath the People’s Commissariat of Railways (NKPS), work of Protection ended up being founded.

The squad on the floor included transportation specialists. They fought decisively against stowaways and people whom attempted to transport products without re re payment, along with monitoring the effectiveness of rolling stock usage. It had been envisaged to improve the true quantity of protection staff to 70 thousand individuals.

The authorities could not tolerate theft and chaos regarding the railways. Looters slice the telegraph cables. Profiteers swarmed trains, like locusts. Concealed had been robbers, bandits as well as other element that is criminal.

The NKPS ended up being forced to simply just simply take extreme measures. In the channels, warehouses, warehouses temporarily formed non-military protection. In terms of bridges as well as other structures perhaps maybe not guarded by troops, along with railway songs, they went beneath the tutelage of regional authorities, which formed out of brigade workers.

Some few propaganda videos

A video clip from the Voronezh branch to mark 95 many years of railway guards, whom protect the Southern Eastern Railway.

And through the Samara branch, whom protect the railway connection on the Volga River regarding the Kuybyshev Railway.


Ministry of Railways of this USSR directive No-298y «Типовые решения по оборудованию инженерными средствами охраны на искусственных сооружениях, охраняемых военизированной охраной МПС» (Typical solutions for equipping engineering facilities for security on man-made structures protected by paramilitary security for the Ministry of Railways) dated 2 February 1990 details the fencing criteria around restricted areas.

Relative to clause 2.1.1, the boundaries regarding the limited area are protected with a barbed wire fence (tape or inter net) in 12 threads 2 m extreme. Into the landscapes, they truly are designated by indicators 2 m high above the floor surface, installed across the fence line from inside through every 50 meters within the enclosure associated with the area that is restricted be arranged gates and wickets. Prior to clause 2.2.3, in the view articles, guided (rotary) floodlights for the PFS type (without contacts) or other narrow-beam floodlights are created to boost the equipping associated with the surface away from area that is restricted. According to paragraph 4.1, articles for the security of artificial structures.

As the «По организации работы караулов ФГП ВО ЖДТ РФ» (process of organising those activities of Departmental safety provider of Railway Transport associated with the Federation that is russian 21 September 2010 specifies the other protection features required.

In accordance with clause 2.4.1 regarding the manual a security system is done to give security when it comes to object that is protected which include: guard, articles, purchases, places and channels, surveillance sectors, engineering and technical method of security, articles of solution dogs, means and other forces. Gear posts should offer the guard: an adequate breakdown of all parts of the post together with area that is surrounding enough lighting associated with methods to the item, its essential points; lack of illumination (blinding) by lighting systems of protection equipment and guards; the chance of centralised handling of the complete illumination system or a team of fixtures, plus in necessary instances, split lights (projectors).

Gear of limited areas includes: their fencing, checkpoint, indicators, indicative and delimiting indications, a safety illumination system, technical protection gear, postal interaction and signalling, guard articles, protective structures. With respect to the nature associated with item therefore the conditions of its location, the fence is made across the border associated with the site together with boundaries of this limited areas. When erecting a fence, it should be considered so it must certanly be rectilinear, without unneeded bends observation that is limiting for around one . 5 meters in height. To it ought not to adjoin any structures. The approaches to the post and the protected object should be illuminated so that the sentry, being on the post or moving along the site of the post, was in the shade in the darkness of the day. Prior to the established procedure, safety illumination should provide lighting during the boundaries.